2008 and 2010 Seasons

In 2008 and 2010 we undertook two short, preliminary 10-day field seasons with the goal of determining the most effective geophysical techniques, survey parameters and environmental conditions for imaging the architecture at Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios (KAD) and Maroni-Tsaroukkas.  We were particularly interested in testing the efficacy of various archaeological geophysical techniques under differing soil moisture conditions, and so performed survey in the dry summer months (June 2008) and wetter early spring (March 2010).

At KAD our survey area was situated between the complex around Building X and the modern Limassol-Larnaca highway.  Units were 30m N-S and 20m E-W.  Magnetic data produced poor results here, perhaps due to magnetic signal “noise” caused by the highway and passing vehicles.   The ground-penetrating radar (GPR) data, collected with a GSSI 400 MHz antenna, imaged a series of subsurface structures.  Most notable are a series of structures that are just to the south of Building X (perhaps an enclosure wall?) and a N-S running road that begins at the vestibule to Building X and extends into the South excavation area (now under the modern highway).

Ground-penetrating radar data from Units 3 and 4 collected during the 2008 field season, with interpretations.

 

At Maroni-Tsaroukkas magnetic data showed greater promise, with four 20m x 20m units surveyed during the 2010 spring field season imaging subsurface features.  These units were situated between and just to the north of the excavations around buildings 1 and 2 at Tsaroukkas.  The most conspicuous magnetic signal appears to record  an ‘L-Shaped’ structure of similar size and alignment to the excavated building 2 at Tsaroukkas.

4 20m x 20m units of magnetic data collected using the G-858 cesium-vapor magnetometer during the spring 2010 field season.

 

Interpretation of subsurface architecture between buildings 1 and 2 at Maroni-Tsaroukkas based on cesium magnetometer data.

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